Schiacciata all’olio, Tuscan flat bread: types and recipe

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cooking classes in tuscany , Schiacciata
Schiacciata Toscana

Schiacciata all’olio is one of Tuscany’s top bakery treats. It’s a type of flat bread made with flour, water, yeast, salt and olive oil, produced daily at your local “forno” or “Panetteria”. Schiacciata literally means “squashed” and depending on the area where it’s made, it can also be called ciaccia, schiaccia, focaccia or ciaccino.

Although you can find it throughout the region, not all schiacciata is the same. A recent survey promoted by Vetrina Toscana indicates that there are basically five schiacciata types. Which one do you like the most?

Tuscan schiacciata all’olio

Thin schiacciata
Thin or very thin, crispy schiacciata. This looks like a big cracker. Some versions are so thin that they resemble carasau, a Sardinian bread.
High and soft. This type of schiacciata is perfect when stuffed with cold cuts. It’s often low in salt to contrast the spicy tastes of the cured meats. You can also find thinner, soft versions, which are delicious even on their own. Kids love this type of schiacciata for a snack!

Traditional schiacciata all’olio
Traditional. This schiacciata has a medium thickness, with a crispy surface and a semi-soft crust. Sometimes flavoured with rosemary, it’s similar to the high, soft schiacciata but usually it’s not suitable for filling with cured meats because it’s so heavily salted, both in the dough and on the surface.
Made with bread dough

Made with bread dough. With a rubbery consistency, this is the ‘halfway point’ between traditional schiacciata and Tuscan bread. Made with special flours. This type embraces some elements of the other types, but it’s made with local flours produced through non-invasive or industrial methods. They are often easier to digest and have an incredible taste.

Want to try making it at home?
To make this oily and salty Tuscan delight, all you have to do is use our Tuscan bread recipe and add olive oil and salt! Just remember that the olive oil and salt will need to go in with the dough and then you’ll also need to brush it over the top of the flat bread!